DEFINING THE CONTEXT
“The world has well-developed global systems to respond quickly to other security risks, ranging from disasters to economic contagion. Yet pandemics — the ultimate contagion — have been one of the greatest un-managed and uninsured global risks.”
— Jim Yong Kim - World Bank President
A pandemic is the worldwide spread of a disease to which most people do not have immunity. Several infectious diseases are at the core of the global pandemic risk. These are: botulism, cholera, dengue/chikungunya, Ebola/Marburg, influenza, Lassa/Rift Valley fever, leptospirosis, plague, severe acute respiratory infections (SARI), and yellow fever.
The world is ill-prepared for fast moving outbreaks of diseases to which humans have no immunity. Pandemics are a global security threat that demand a truly international response. There is a high probability that the world will experience a severe outbreak in the next 10-15 years, and recent modelling and economic analysis warn of a massive risk to human lives and the global economy.